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  • Medyna, Piotr; Wiśniewski, Bernard; Chomski, Jarosław (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    This article compares routes of a ship avoiding a tropical cyclone calculated by various methods. The calculations were done in the environment of evolutionary algorithms based on systematically received forecasts. The computational algorithms made use of the 1-2-3 rule, anti-collision plot, and the storm field defined as the cyclone fuzzy domain. The results have been compared with post factum analysis utilizing exclusively the full scope of weather analyses for the relevant moments of the voyage
  • Naus, Krzysztof (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    The first part of the article presents the quality analysis following the most popular world standards used for the description of terrain / sea bottom shape: DTED – Digital Terrain Elevation Data, used by NATO, SRTM model – Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, worked out within the confines of the international mission of the space shuttle Endeavour, DBDB-V – Digital Bathymetric Data Base – Variable Resolution, used for the description of sea and ocean bottoms, NMB – Network Model Bathymetry, as one of the AML – Additional Military Layers for WECDIS – Warship Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems has been shown. The distortion distribution of projected areas shape in a matrix model based on ellipsoidal trapezoids and proposal of new model based on ellipsoidal squares have been presented in the main and final section of the article
  • Paulauskas, Vytautas (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    Container traffic grew very fast and many ports have prepared infrastructure and superstructure for the container vessels. During the last decade, many of Eastern Baltic ports container terminals started working with container vessels and in the same time looked for the bigger container vessels with limited possible investments [1]. In many ports are very limit space inside the ports and it make additional difficulties increase entry to the ports ships size. Container terminals usually are located in the middle or in the end parts of the ports and find enough space for the ships turning basins raise difficulties. Big container vessels navigational safety must be linked with ports infrastructure, but very often ports are orientated on the old standards and design recommendations, so are trying to keep big safety coefficients regarding water ways depths, widths, and hydrometeorological conditions limitations. Old standards did not include new accuracy navigational equipment such as RTK systems, which are implemented in many ports and increase navigational possibilities and navigational safety. This paper addresses the theoretical approach of the influence of new big container vessels sailing within ports areas, namely ships turning basins, possibilities and navigational safety of the ships, which have big wind surface and good manoeuvrability
  • Perkovic, Marko; Petelin, Stojan; Harsch, Rick (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    The efforts to maintain the relatively safe status of maritime transport are required, but unfortunately these efforts necessarily go beyond technological improvements to measures necessitated by intentional operational polluters. Science in this aspect is relegated to a defensive position, its direction dictated by environmental crime. The old practices of dumping ship-generated waste and pumping out cargo residues apparently will continue until a mean of identifying perpetrators is established and publicized. We hope that satellite technology can play an important complementary and supporting role in detecting and deterring such pollution. When an early-warning message can be delivered to responsible authorities (mainly coast guards) in real time, satellites can effectively support the possibility of identifying the polluting ship and thus open the way to prosecution of the offenders. This paper is about advances in polluter identification methodology beginning with the analysis of SAR images. Because cases in which a freshly released slick is detected are rare, an acquired image usually depicts a slick that is already weathered, with a currents-and-wind-distorted slick footprint and either no ships or too many ships in the vicinity. If AIS (Automatic Identification System) information is available or can be retrieved through an archive, in most cases the operator is still faces the problem that many ships passed the designated area, or that the slick is outside AIS range, effectively preventing any possibility of identification. Another problem related to polluter tracking is the availability of metocean ancillary data. Highly accurate wind and currents data are necessary for successful backtracking of the slick towards likely polluters and the origin of the spill. Wind and currents data therefore must be validated for instance, by reading headings from anchored ships or analyzing the differences between integrated courses and headings of ships passing through the area under investigation. Drift caused by external forces for a certain vessel may be further validated through the use of a ship handling simulator
  • Schoeneich, Marta; Sokołowska, Sylwia (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    The paper presents verification of probabilistic method for under keel clearance determination. The method enables to determine the distribution of under keel clearance in several ship’s passages and in further step to assess the probability of ship’s grounding accident during the port approach. The model which uses this method is available online for authorized users and could be used for decision making process of harbour captain in everyday practice. The results of using this model could be used in risk assessment of ships entering to the ports, therefore it is possible to introduce using online model for Polish harbours workers. Research results present verification of probabilistic model, based on data from Szczecin Maritime Office and probability of touching the bottom during ships’ passages on Świnoujście–Szczecin waterway. Moreover there are presented examples of some situations when entering to the port for analyzed ships is not allowe
  • Smolarek, Leszek; Smalko, Zbigniew (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    Ship traffic on the Baltic Sea grows each year affecting the shipping safety and boosts chances of collision with other vessel. In this article the modelling of hazard of collision is presented for ship routes crossing, taking advantage of function Copula and methods of queuing theory
  • Smolarek, Leszek; Guze, Sambor (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    In the paper the hazard estimation model of assessment of risk on ship routes in terms of supporting the decision depending on the traffic stream parameters has been proposed. It has been obtained by applying of semi-Markov model of safety and partial models based on consecutive “k out of n: G” systems. Furthermore, the considerations on the aspects of the selection methodology for assessment of risk to a ship route have been presente
  • Starosta, Andrzej (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    Merchant vessels may be used by SAR mission coordinator (SMC) according to SOLAS convention and other international conventions. Some vessels are more suitable than others due to construction, number of person on board, actual stability situation, etc. Actually SMC may use ship which declared readiness to attend SAR action only. Modern information systems give SMC information about other vessels in action area also. SMC is responsible to choose the best vessel for SAR action. The paper presents model of Bayesian network to estimate merchant ship usability for SAR action. Information from AIS system is very useful for this model. Combination AIS system with presented model gives SMC tool which will help to find the best ship in area. Some ship particulars are more important that other and may bring about that the ship will be not suitable for SAR action
  • Wąż, Mariusz (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    A radar image of a coastal zone is a source of information, which enables setting out a vessel’s positions precisely. A feature of radar navigational systems, if compared to the satellite ones, is connecting a pointed out fix to elements of seashore and dangers to navigation, surrounding a vessel. It’s an essential condition of navigating safely a vessel within the specified water area. Radar display elements, identified as characteristic points, should be included in the interactive navigational structure. Such a structure is a basis for accurate sailing a vessel on a water area. The whole process can be automatized. Automation may refer to a stage of setting out characteristic points in the navigation water area and also to a stage of marking out a position under observation
  • Zalewski, Paweł (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    The paper presents modelling principles of DP systems integrated into the modernized full mission ship simulator of Kongsberg Polaris® type at Maritime University of Szczecin. Comparisons to real systems and research possibilities are given. Basing on the effects and conclusions obtained from scientific-research works performed by marine traffic engineering staff until now, the advantages of modernization of “full mission simulator” have been shown
  • Żukowska, Joanna; Krystek, Ryszard; Michalski, Lech (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2010)
    The importance of independent investigations into the causes of transport accidents is still underestimated in Poland in the same way as the right of society to adequate information on safety. Meanwhile, international experience shows that they can effectively improve safety by reducing the costs, enhancing the transfer of safety lessons between different modes of transport, facilitating the advancement of new and innovative investigation techniques and by increasing safety levels through the recommendations coming from investigations and safety research
  • Abramek, Karol Franciszek (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2009)
    In the paper are presented the results of exhaust gas scavenging testing for the start-up speed. The speed of SB-3.1 engine was determined by means of external driving device composed of a three-phase motor, gearbox, unidirectional clutch and control desk. The obtained findings allowed evaluation of the character of changes in the course of exhaust gas scavenging curve from a basically zero speed to the rotational speed of engine crankshaft at which the start-up takes place. Exhaust gas scavenging measurements were made in different measuring series in order to determine the effect of oil film development on cylinder bearing surface on the phenomenon of exhaust gas scavenging into crankshaft casing
  • Chybowski, Leszek; Matuszak, Zbigniew (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2009)
    This article is an introduction to the analysis of human reliability in specific anthropotechnic systems, such as marine power plants. The human factor is discussed as one that is responsible for creating dangerous situations during the operation of offshore technical objects, mainly sea-going vessels. Besides, we indicate the place of a human being in marine technical systems, his specific qualities and interaction with the environment. Selected classifications of human errors are given as well as their particular causes. Then we present a model of an autonomous system referring to the human being, based on Mazur’s concept. Besides, potential fault nodes resulting from that model are specified. We show examples of quality and quantity models that are helpful in an analysis of the reliability of the human, an element of such technical systems as marine power plants. Final remarks include possible applications of mathematical models herein presented in analyses as well as some restrictions in the use of these models. Emphasis has been put on essential difficulties in utilizing simulators for the examination of the reliability of the human considered as the operator of a marine power plant. These difficulties are due to a variety of interactions within the system (the vessel) and relations with the external environment
  • Ciechanowski, Grzegorz (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2009)
    The article describes the project creating Polish Navy patches in the period 1997–1999. They were designed and directed immediately to crews of vessels and shipborne forces consist of auxiliary vessels, cutters and motorboats, etc. Author starts with information about Polish military traditions concerning military badges and sources of the patches idea. The next part presents history of project realization and stress the effects. Part of the patches was adopted by crews and became official element of seaman‟s uniform. The patches were in use only for two years and therefore it is rather unknown details of Polish Navy history
  • Drzewieniecka, Beata (Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, 2009)
    The development of biotechnology has essential influence on obtaining new varieties of plants commonly grown in the world for consumption and as raw materials for the feed industry. The application of new techniques permits modifying plants as regards the quality and quantity content of raw materials and products obtained from them

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