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04 Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, no. 4 / 2004



 

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  • (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    Table of content 
  • Białas-Motyl, Anna (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The article presents the European Union 95/64/EC Directive, which imposes the obligation of gathering data concerning marine transport by member countries of the European Union. There have been presented the main principles of classijying ports, cargoes and ships, and structure of data to be transmitted by member countries to the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat). The writer presents Poland's situation regarding the process of adapting Polish Public Statistics to the Directive's requirements. The principles of gathering, verifying and transmitting statistical data about marine transport in Poland have been briefly discussed.
  • Białas-Motyl, Anna (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    This article presents the most important number values describing marine transport of countries that were members before 2004, countries that acceded in 2004, and candidate countries (23 countries altogether). Number of ports in a given country has been presented, divided into main ports and other ports. Vessel and passenger traffic as well as cargo handling have been analysed. The sea transport profile concerned the years 2000-2002, as far as ports go, and in the case of vessel traffic, the years 2001-2002. Information on cargo handling and passenger traffic covered the years 1997-2002.
  • Christowa, Czesława; Christowa-Dobrowolska, Maria (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The paper contains a concept outline and presents the results of creating the Police Maritime Harbour Authority, a new non-profit subject responsible for ground and infrastructure administration and the development of operational, service, logistic, distribution, industrial and commercial functions of the Police port. The paper makes use of results of own research on the principles and pur-posefulness of establishing the Police Maritime Harbour Authority, performed by the authors ' team
  • Hołowiński, Grzegorz; Małecki, Krzysztof (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The idea of an integrated system for exchange of both data and financial transactions supported by electronic forms through accessible web-based internet browsers has been introduced in this article. The authors show problems of using EDI in a port environment, the possibility of reducing implementation costs of the Centre in smaller sea-ports.
  • Iwan, Stanisław (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    Productivity is considered to be a most essential factor of economic growth. Its increase leads to quality improvement of goods and services delivered on the market; it raises production effectiveness and enhances competitiveness. The concept of productivity is essentially bound with the systemic approach in the research of economic phenomena and of enterprises. The essence offeeding, transformation and output constitutes the basis for analysing the transformation of available resources into products and estimating the effectiveness of this process. Both productivity research and systemic analysis itself are complex subjects depending on the specificity of the enterprise, the scope of analysis or the purposefulness of research. The systemic approach assumes particular significance now, at the time of transformation towards information society (society of knowledge), where information is starting to play the role of the predominating resource. The present study focuses on problems of system identification and specificity of its functioning in the context ofproductivity research.
  • Kantor, Julia (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    Od dnia 1 maja 2004 roku Rzeczpospolita Polska stała się pełnoprawnym członkiem Unii Europejskiej (UE). Już od dłuższego czasu trwały przygotowania do przystosowania istniejącego polskiego prawa do wymogów UE. Do rozwiązania problemu przystosowania przepisów dotyczących kwestii pracy na statkach handlowych do prawa unijnego Polska zobowiązała się w rozdziale negocjacyjnym „Polityka społeczna i zatrudnienie". Efektem tych prac przygotowawczych było uchwalenie 20 grudnia 2002 roku nowelizacji ustawy o pracy na morskich statkach handlowych.
  • Kantor, Julia (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The paper discusses problems related with present condition of the Vistula and it presents renewal capabilities, thus answering the question if the Vistula should be made an open-air museum or be regulated.
  • Królikowski, Aleksander (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    long with the expansion of the European Union on Is' May 2004 Poland became the object of increased pressure to limit tax optimisation, intended to support economic development by competitive rates income tax j'rom legal persons. The present writers point out that the value of these rates itself cannot constitute a sufficient basis to compare the level of fiscalism in countries of the European Union, which is proved by the differences in taxation bases presented on the example of tax-balance relatio?is taking place in Polish and Dutch enterprises.
  • Królikowski, Aleksander; Mierzejewska, Anna (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    In connection with Poland 's entry to the European Union Polish legislation in the field of VAT tax has been changed in order to adjust it to the European Union precepts. Poland's entry to the European Union is connected with a radical change of taxation precepts of trade exchange between .Polish VAT taxpayers and VAT tax payers in countries of the European Union, it is strictly related to the abolition of customs-tax borders between Poland and membership countries of the European Union.
  • Królikowski, Aleksander; Mierzejewska, Anna (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    Since 1989 in result of transformations of the Polish economic system there followed a rapid development of medium and small enterprises (MSEs). The article presents a general profile of MSEs along with the division of capital according to various criteria. Particular attention has been devoted to leasing as a form of financing the MSEs. Different kinds of leasing have been discussed. The object structure of leasing has been presented both in general terms and with division into ten greatest leaders who render leasing services.
  • Narękiewicz, Patrycja (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The region of the Baltic Sea is recording an economic growth index which is one of the highest in Europe. The purpose of the paper is to analyse the factors determining this economic growth. The paper also describes the conditions and possibilities of trade exchange increase in the region in future against the background of changes taking place in international trade.
  • Plewiński, Leszek (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The paper demonstrates the crucial significance of costs for the results of a shipping enterprise activity. Spheres of cost rationalisation subdivided into administration, ships and environment have been presented in the further course of the study. It has turned out that in spite of advanced economical measures undertaken by practically all shipowners, further possibilities of reducing operational costs still do exist.
  • Plewiński, Leszek (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    Against the background of historical connections and interdependences between economic policy and marine transport development, the essential significance of marine transport for Polish economy has been demonstrated. Verification has also been made of the basic factors stimulating and restricting this transport branch in Polish conditions.
  • Winnicki, Kazimierz; Landowski, Marek (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The paper takes up the current problem of a country 's defence. Each country is exposed to various dangers such as natural disasters or man 's activity. Insufficient attention was paid to this problem; only the floods in Poland, the Czech Republic, Germany, and also terrorist attacks in the USA and Spain were able to change the governments' attitude. The paper presents the evolution of the civil defence system in Germany.
  • Wolnowska, Anna (Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, )
    The aim of the paper is presentation of issues concerning work processes management. The authoress defines them in terms of sociology, psychology, economy and praxeology. Work processes and their structures have been depicted and the emphasis has been put on the production process.

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